This chapter will present the background of the study, statement of the problem, research goal; important and particular goal(s), significance of the study, scope of the research and definition of key phrases. Education in Indonesia falls underneath the accountability of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan or Kemdikbud) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (Kementerian Agama or Kemenag). For extra details about the sequence of training in the Netherlands, take a look at the structure of Dutch faculty education part.
The system can be outlined by division, with the aim of tailoring the training to the needs of the scholar, whether it is the type of the college they attend or the particular stream the scholar enters in high school. There is just one sort of school at this level of education: the higher secondary school (Videregående skole) and the majority of faculties offer both basic studies and vocational coaching.
In 1995, the ratio of upper secondary general schooling graduates to the inhabitants at the typical age of graduation was forty seven:one hundred (OECD, 1997). In Denmark, there are 9 years of full-time obligatory training for youngsters between the ages of seven and 16 years. In 1994/95 there have been extra feminine than male graduates from upper secondary basic schooling (ISCED 3); the ratio of females to males was 131:one hundred (Eurostat, 1998). At the decrease secondary stage, pure sciences and social sciences are launched.
Pupils who go the Abitur examination are awarded a general increased training entrance qualification (allgemeine Hochschulreife). In upper secondary education, a variety of courses lead to the matriculation (university entrance) examination. Lower secondary education is followed by higher secondary training that’s divided into two varieties – normal and vocational. The second written paper (Seconda Prova Scritta) relates to the content material of a subject studied during the closing year; this paper differs according to the various kinds of training (fashionable foreign languages, arithmetic or sciences).
The function of the examination is to find out whether pupils have acquired the information and abilities required by the curriculum and the maturity aimed for in the higher secondary faculty (Finnish Ministry of Education, 1996). Sixty per cent of pupils attend secondary schools, 30 per cent attend vocational faculties, 2 per cent attend comprehensive colleges and 6 per cent attend neighborhood schools.