Secondary schooling covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale. In 1994/95 there have been more female than male graduates from higher secondary basic schooling (ISCED three); the ratio of females to males was 119:one hundred (Eurostat, 1998). In 1994/ninety five there have been more female than male graduates from higher secondary normal training (ISCED 3); the ratio of females to males was 185:a hundred (Eurostat, 1998). Artistic secondary schooling (KSO) also gives common schooling mixed with an artistic education; it too prepares pupils for employment or greater education. In Northern Ireland, there are grammar faculties (academically selective) and secondary colleges.secondary educationsecondary education

At upper secondary stage (which ninety five per cent of pupils go on to), there are three foremost forms of schooling accessible: common higher secondary school (‘Gymnasium’ and ‘HF’), vocational higher secondary school (‘HHX’ and ‘HTX’) and other types of vocational schooling. In the French Community, the overwhelming majority of pupils (96%) are in ‘Type 1’ secondary training.

Subjects in the lower cycle of general secondary training (theoretical ages 12 to fifteen years) include French, German, English, mathematics and biology. General education consists of two years resulting in greater schooling (senior basic secondary schooling (Hoger Algemeen Voortgezet Onderwijs – HAVO)) or three years main to university (pre-college training (Voorbereidend Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs – VWO)). Secondary education begins at the age of 12 and lasts from 5 to eight years full-time and/or part-time. Towards the tip of higher secondary schooling, pupils take the matriculation examination.secondary education

In October 1996, the Federal Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs revealed the Draft White Paper on the Curriculum ’99, by which the targets and tips of the reform as well as new components of the curriculum had been introduced. A curriculum is ‘a systematised stock of the aims and contents that an ‘organising power’ intends to realize in a subject’ (Ministry of the Flemish Community Education Department, 1997). Primary colleges and schools within the Netherlands are divided into two classes.

Compulsory subjects studied within the higher cycle of common secondary schooling include French language and literature, German language and literature, English language and literature, arithmetic, biology, physics and chemistry for all branches up until the tip of class three (sixteen to 17 years). There are 4 essential varieties of upper secondary schools; grammar-sort, complete, industrial-vocational type and specialised vocational. Further schooling colleges are the main provider of vocational training however they also provide general education.