The analysis reported right here was funded by the European Commission (DGXXII) beneath the Socrates Programme Action III.3.1 and by the London School of Economics and Political Science. Pupils who successfully full secondary training receive a certificates (diploma de estudos secundários) specifying the courses accomplished and the final marks obtained. The purpose of these nationally co-ordinated examinations is primarily to offer a sign of each pupil’s standing on the end of obligatory schooling and assist her or him in choosing a course in higher secondary education. The Netherlands is divided into three school vacation regions , where dates are staggered to avoid a vacation rush. The focus on this research is on the training provided normally secondary faculties.

The Dutch education system are Query strings of instructional branches that were based on social status of the colony’s population, with the perfect accessible institution reserved for the European population. However, on the end of the final year of higher secondary schooling pupils should take the secondary college leaving examination (examen de fin d’études secondaires). Reforms are currently underway and the federal government is proposing to extend compulsory schooling to 15 years. These examinations are set, graded and organised by the Institute for Educational Research.

In 1995, the ratio of upper secondary general schooling graduates to the population at the typical age of commencement was forty seven:a hundred (OECD, 1997). In Denmark, there are nine years of full-time obligatory education for kids between the ages of seven and sixteen years. In 1994/95 there have been more feminine than male graduates from higher secondary general education (ISCED three); the ratio of females to males was 131:one hundred (Eurostat, 1998). At the lower secondary stage, pure sciences and social sciences are launched.secondary educationsecondary education

The certificates is specific to the kind of faculty (Diploma di Maturitàclassica, scientifica etc.). Reforms to the examinations on the end of higher secondary schooling have been accredited by the federal government in December 1997. There are not any standardised examinations on the end of higher secondary education; examinations are set and graded in every college by the individual trainer. In 1995, the ratio of upper secondary general education graduates to the population at the typical age of graduation was 46:one hundred (OECD, 1997). Pupils are admitted to secondary schooling if they’ve accomplished primary training (at an average age of 12 years).secondary education

Success on this examination enables the pupil to use to enter college or another institution of higher schooling. In order to guarantee a comparable construction of the school system in Germany, the Länder co-operate in the Standing Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs. This certificates entitles pupils to use for admission to establishments of higher training.