Developing high quality secondary education lesson plans is usually a troublesome process, especially for teachers who may lack the creative or organizational expertise which might be required. In Indonesia, all residents must undertake twelve years of obligatory training which consists of six years at elementary level and three each at middle and highschool ranges. The secondary college system is characterised by division into numerous academic tracks which have their own leaving certificates and qualifications. Significant changes to the curriculum were proposed in a paper issued by the Ministry of Education in 1995 (Gruber, 1996a, 1996b).
At the top of upper secondary basic training separate Ordinary Level and Higher Level Leaving Certificate papers are set in all subjects. The final three years of compulsory training (for pupils aged 12 to fifteen years) usually take place in the Junior Cycle of one of many essential types of second-degree schools: secondary, vocational, comprehensive, community colleges or group faculty. Upper secondary training is supplied in Lykeia and Technical-Vocational Schools.
In the French Community, a decrease secondary college certificates (certificat denseignement secondaire inférieur) is awarded to profitable pupils on the finish of the third year of basic or technical studies, and an higher secondary faculty certificate (certificat denseignement secondaire supérieur) is awarded when the third degree of general or technical education has been efficiently completed.
The minimum instructional necessities (enseñanzas mínimas) for core topics, subjects by choice stream and optionally available subjects are established by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia MEC). A particular higher secondary school diploma is being developed to be awarded in subjects that are not a part of the matriculation examination (artwork, craft, physical education, residence economics and so forth.). Each Community is accountable for education inside its linguistic area and, as considerations the French and Flemish Communities, with regard to French or Dutch-talking schools within the bilingual area of Brussels (Eurybase, 1998).
In upper secondary education, courses resulting in the Scottish Certificate of Education examinations at Higher Grade form the core of the submit-obligatory curriculum; some pupils moreover pursue studies within the last year taking a Certificate of Sixth Year Studies. During higher secondary training, pupils are required to hold out independent and written work at home and in class.